Capacitor charging circuit
In the following circuit, when the button is held down, current will flow until the capacitor is fully charged. Once the capacitor has fully charged (to the same voltage as the power supply), the current will stop flowing.
To illustrate this, we have added an LED. The LED will turn on at first as current is flowing, but will quickly turn off once the capacitor is fully charged.
Discharging the capacitor
In order to test this circuit more than once, the capacitor must be manually discharged after each charge. To discharge a capacitor, simply connects its legs together with a screwdriver or piece of wire. This allows the charge to flow from its positive side to its negative side thereby neutralizing its charge.
For a more visual discharge of the capacitor, pull it out of the circuit, and touch the capacitor's legs to the legs of an LED. Touch the capacitor's long leg (positive) to the LED's short leg (negative), and vice versa.
- How does adding a 2.2kΩ resistor between the pushbutton and the capacitor affect the capacitor's charging behavior?